14-Item Resilience Scale

The RS-14 is the short version of the Resilience Scale and is strongly correlated with the Resilience Scale. It consists of 14 of the Resilience Scale items: 2, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 17, 21, & 23. The scale is a 7-point Likert type scale from 1 (Strongly disagree) to 7 (Strongly agree) for each item. Higher scores mean superior levels of resilience tendencies. Scores are calculated by a summation of response values for each item, thus enabling scores to range from 14 to 98.


Self Management
6th Grade,
7th Grade,
8th Grade,
9th Grade,
10th Grade,
11th Grade,
12th Grade,
Post secondary
Other Language/s
Amharic, Arabic, Bahasa Indonesian, Bosnian, Chinese, Chinese (Taiwanese), Creole, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Greek, Hebrew, Hindi, Icelandic, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Lithuanian, Malay, Nepali, Persian, Polish

Administration Information

3-4 minutes

Student Price - $75

Researcher Price - $150 (1-150 copies) 

Researcher Price - $200 (151-300 copies)

Researcher Price - $250 (301-450 copies)

Researcher Price - $300 (451-600 copies)

Researcher Price - $350 (601-750 copies)

Researcher Price - $400 (751-900 copies)

Not indicated
Not indicated

Access and Use

Open Access
Peer-Reviewed Study Citations

Aiena BJ, Baczwaski BJ, Schulenberg SE, Buchanan EM. (2014). Measuring resilience with the RS-14: a tale of two samples. Journal of Personality Assessment, 97 (3): 291-300.

Beauvais AM, Stewart JG, DeNisco S, Beauvais JE. (2014). Factors related to academic success among nursing students: A descriptive correlational research study. Nursing Education Today June, 34 (6): 918-23.

Ebulum GC, Chidiobi RU. (2016). Resilience, gender and age as predictors of satisfaction with academic major among university undergraduates. International Journal of Research in Engineering and Social Sciences, 6 (4): April 2016.


Manual scoring
Psychometric Citations

Pritzker, S., & Minter, A. (2014). Measuring adolescent resilience: An examination of the cross-ethnic validity of the RS-14. Children and Youth Services Review, 44, 328–333. doi: 10.1016/j.childyouth.2014.06.022

Callegari, C., Bertù, L., Lucano, M., Ielmini, M., Braggio, E., & Vender, S. (2016). Reliability and validity of the Italian version of the 14-item Resilience Scale. Psychology Research and Behavior Management, 9, 277–284. doi: 10.2147/prbm.s115657

Kwon, H. J., & Kwon, S. J. (2014). Korean Version of the 14-Item Resilience Scale (RS-14) for University Students: A Validity and Reliability Study. Journal of Korean Academy of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, 23(4), 226–232. doi: 10.12934/jkpmhn.2014.23.4.226

Losoi, H., Turunen, S., Wäljas, M., Helminen, M., Öhman, J., Julkunen, J., & Rosti-Otajärvi, E. (2013). Psychometric Properties of the Finnish Version of the Resilience Scale and its Short Version. Psychology, Community & Health, 2(1), 1–10. doi: 10.5964/pch.v2i1.40

Cénat, J. M., Hébert, M., Karray, A., & Derivois, D. (2018). Psychometric properties of the Resilience Scale – 14 in a sample of college students from France. The Brain, 44(6), 517–522. doi: 10.1016/j.encep.2018.04.002