The Academic Motivation Scale (AMS)

The Echelle de Motivation en Education (EME) is based on the tenets of self-determination theory and is composed of 28 items subdivided into 7 subscales assessing three types of intrinsic motivation (intrinsic motivation to know, to accomplish things, and to experience stimulation), three types of extrinsic motivation (external, introjected, and identified regulation), and amotivation. The EME was translated into English and named the Academic Motivation Scale. The English version, the AMS, showed satisfactory levels of internal consistency temporal stability over a one-month period. A confirmatory factor analysis confirmed the 7-factor structure of the AMS.  A college version is also available.

Content

Domains
Self Management,
Social Awareness
Subdomain

Motivation, Internal Motivation, External Motivation, Amotivation

Grades
9th Grade,
10th Grade,
11th Grade,
12th Grade,
Post secondary
Languages
English

Administration Information

Length
15-20 minutes
Administration
Paper

Access and Use

Open Access
Yes
Use in Research

Alt, D. (2015). College students’ academic motivation, media engagement and fear of missing out. Computers in Human Behavior, 49, 111-119. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2015.02.057

Fortier, M. S., Vallerand, R. J., & Guay, F. (1995). Academic motivation and school performance: Toward a structural model. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 20(3), 257-274. https://doi.org/10.1006/ceps.1995.1017

Senecal, C., Koestner, R., & Vallerand, R. J. (1995). Self-regulation and academic procrastination. The Journal of Social Psychology, 135(5), 607-619. https://doi.org/10.1080/00224545.1995.9712234

Tanaka, M., Mizuno, K., Fukuda, S., Tajima, S., & Watanabe, Y. (2009). Personality traits associated with intrinsic academic motivation in medical students. Medical Education, 43(4), 384-387. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2923.2008.03279.x

Psychometrics

Scoring
Manual scoring
Psychometric References

Cokley, K. O., Bernard, N., Cunningham, D., & Motoike, J. (2001). A psychometric investigation of the academic motivation scale using a United States sample. Measurement and Evaluation in Counseling and Development, 34(2), 109-119. https://doi.org/10.1080/07481756.2001.12069027

Fairchild, A. J., Horst, S. J., Finney, S. J., & Barron, K. E. (2005). Evaluating existing and new validity evidence for the Academic Motivation Scale. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 30(3), 331-358. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cedpsych.2004.11.001

Stover, J. B., de la Iglesia, G., Boubeta, A. R., & Liporace, M. F. (2012). Academic Motivation Scale: Adaptation and psychometric analyses for high school and college students. Psychology Research and Behavior Management, 5, 71-83. https://doi.org/10.2147/PRBM.S33188

Vallerand, R. J., Pelletier, L. G., Blais, M. R., Brière, N. M., Senecal, C., & Vallières, É. F. (1993). On the assessment of intrinsic, extrinsic, and amotivation in education: Evidence on the concurrent and construct validity of the Academic Motivation Scale. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 53(1), 159-172. https://doi.org/10.1177/0013164493053001018

Vallerand, R. J., Pelletier, L. G., Blais, M. R., Briere, N. M., Senecal, C., & Vallieres, E. F. (1992). The Academic Motivation Scale: A measure of intrinsic, extrinsic, and amotivation in education. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 52(4), 1003-1017. https://doi.org/10.1177/0013164492052004025

Item Type
Likert