Challenging Situations Task (CST)

The Challenging Situations Task (CST) is designed to assess a child's affective and behavioral responses when presented with hypothetical peer situations. The design of this instrument consists of the presentation of pictures of a particular situations, accompanied by verbal descriptions. Children are then prompted to indicate how they feel about the situation and asked to choose from four emotion choices using schematic drawings.

Content

Domains
Self Management,
Relationship Management,
Responsible Decision Making
Grades
Pre-Kindergarten
Languages
English
Respondent
Student

Administration Information

Length
3 items
Administration
Paper
Timed
No

Access and Use

Price

Free

Open Access
Yes
Use in Research

Denham, S. A. et al. (2013). Preschoolers' social information procession and early school success: The challenging situations task. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 31, 180-197. DOI:10.1111/j.2044-835X.2012.02085.x

Denham, S. A. et al. (2014). "How would you feel? What would you do?: Development and underpinnings of preschoolers' social information processing. Journal of Research in Child Education, 28(2), 182-202. doi: 10.1080/02568543.2014.883558

Zahn-Waxler, C. et al. (1994). Social problem solving in disruptive preschool children: Reactions to hypothetical situations of conflict and distress. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 40(1), 98-119. https://www.jstor.org/stable/23087910

Poulou, M. S., & Bassett, H. H. (2018). Children’s emotional and behavioral responses to peer provocation and early school adjustment. Pastoral Care in Education, 36(3), 205-222. https://doi.org/10.1080/02643944.2018.1479351

Wenz-Gross, M. W., Yoo, Y., Upshur, C. C., & Gambino, A. J. (2018). Pathways to kindergarten readiness: The roles of second step early learning curriculum and social emotional, executive functioning, preschool academic and task behavior skills. Frontiers in Psychology, 9, 1-19. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.01886

Psychometrics

Scoring
Manual scoring
Psychometric References

Denham, S. A. et al. (1994). Socialization of preschoolers' emotion understanding. Developmental Psychology, 30(6), 928-936. https://doi.org/10.1037/0012-1649.30.6.928