The Efficacious Self-Presentation Scale (ESS) is a 36 item questionnaire that measures 6 different dimensions: Social self-confidence; Self-image regulation; Bodily self-confidence; Social sensitivity; Social openness; and Social desirability. All responses are expressed on a 5-point Likert-type scale ranging from 1 (strongly disagree) to 5 (strongly agree).
Self Confidence, Self Image Regulation, Social Sensitivity, Social Openness, Social Desirability
Access and Use
Laghi, F., Pallini, S., D’Alessio, M., & Baiocco, R. (2011). Development and validation of the Efficacious Self-Presentation Scale. The Journal of Genetic Psychology, 172(2), 209-219. https://doi.org/10.1080/00221325.2010.526975