Efficacious Self-Presentation Scale (ESS)

The Efficacious Self-Presentation Scale (ESS) is a 36 item questionnaire that measures 6 different dimensions: Social self-confidence; Self-image regulation; Bodily self-confidence; Social sensitivity; Social openness; and Social desirability. All responses are expressed on a 5-point Likert-type scale ranging from 1 (strongly disagree) to 5 (strongly agree).

Content

Domains
Social Awareness,
Self Awareness
Subdomain

Self Confidence, Self Image Regulation, Social Sensitivity, Social Openness, Social Desirability

Grades
9th Grade,
10th Grade,
11th Grade,
12th Grade
Languages
English,
Other
Other Language/s
Italian
Respondent
Student

Administration Information

Length
36 items
Administration
Paper

Access and Use

Contact

Corresponding Author: Fiorenzo Laghi at fiorenzo.laghi@uniromal.it or fiorenzo.laghi@uniroma1.it

Open Access
Yes

Psychometrics

Scoring
Manual scoring
Referencing
Norm-referenced
Psychometric References

Laghi, F., Pallini, S., D’Alessio, M., & Baiocco, R. (2011). Development and validation of the Efficacious Self-Presentation Scale. The Journal of Genetic Psychology172(2), 209-219. https://doi.org/10.1080/00221325.2010.526975

Item Type
Likert