Expectancy-Value-Cost

The EVC scale was developed based on the Expectancy-Value model to understand motivational factors. This brief 10-item scale is designed to be a rapid measure reflecting student's perceptions of the extent they think they can be successful and the extent that they think a task is worthwhile. This scale allows differentiation between three separate motivational factors (expectancy, value, and cost). Additional research on the cost factor has been done, and a cost scale was developed to contribute to research on the Expectancy-Value Model. There are four subscales in the cost scale: task effort cost, outside effort cost, loss of valued alternatives cost, and emotional cost. This 19-item scale can be found in the appendix: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cedpsych.2015.03.002 

Content

Domains
Self Awareness,
Self Management,
Responsible Decision Making
Subdomain

Expectancy Value

Grades
Kindergarten,
1st Grade,
2nd Grade,
3rd Grade,
4th Grade,
5th Grade,
6th Grade,
7th Grade,
8th Grade,
9th Grade,
10th Grade,
11th Grade,
12th Grade
Languages
English
Respondent
Student

Administration Information

Length
10 items
Qualifications

N/A

Administration
Paper

Access and Use

Price

Free

Contact
Open Access
Yes
Use in Research

Douglas, K. A., Merzdorf, H. E., Hicks, N. M., Sarfraz, M. I., & Bermel, P. (2020). Challenges to assessing motivation in MOOC learners: An application of an argument-based approach. Computers & Education150, 103829.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compedu.2020.103829

Hulleman, C. S., Kosovich, J. J., Barron, K. E., & Daniel, D. B. (2017). Making connections: Replicating and extending the utility value intervention in the classroom. Journal of Educational Psychology109(3), 387. https://doi.org/10.1037/edu0000146

Leaper, C., & Starr, C. R. (2019). Helping and hindering undergraduate women’s STEM motivation: experiences with STEM encouragement, STEM-related gender bias, and sexual harassment. Psychology of Women Quarterly43(2), 165-183. https://doi.org/10.1177/0361684318806302

Psychometrics

Scoring
Manual scoring
Psychometric References

Kosovich, J. J., Hulleman, C. S., Barron, K. E., & Getty, S. (2015). A practical measure of student motivation: Establishing validity evidence for the expectancy-value-cost scale in middle school. The Journal of Early Adolescence, 35(5-6), 790-816.

National Comparison
No
Item Type
Likert