This group-administered 18-item scale was developed to measure the attributes of commitment, challenge, control (life), control (emotions), confidence (abilities), and confidence (interpersonal), with three items tapping into each construct. The questionnaire was developed to be relatively short (18 items), and only include items that were developmentally appropriate for adolescents, and relevant both within and out with an education context.
Challenge, Confidence, Self/Inhibitory Control, Commitment
Access and Use
Corresponding Author: David W. Putwain
Professor, Liverpool Moores University
Sağkal, A. S., & Özdemir, Y. (2019). Strength-based parenting and adolescents’ psychological outcomes: The role of mental toughness. Journal of Psychologists and Counsellors in Schools, 29(2), 177–189. doi: 10.1017/jgc.2019.2. https://www.cambridge.org/core/services/aop-cambridge-core/content/view…