PALS (Phonological Awareness Literacy Screening)

The Phonological Awareness Literacy Screening (PALS) is a screening, diagnostic, and progress monitoring tool that focuses on fundamental literacy skills and can identify students who are at risk of reading difficulties. The assessment offers instruments for PreK-3, with a Spanish version available as well. PALS is the state-provided screening assessment for Virginia's Early Intervention Reading Initiative (EIRI). PALS Quick Checks also provide an opportunity for educators to monitor student progress. PALS Plus can be used for grades 4-8. 

Content

Sub-Category
Domains
Reading,
Speaking & Listening,
Language
Subdomain

Oral Reading; Comprehension; Fluency; Phonemic Awareness

Grades
Pre-Kindergarten,
Kindergarten,
1st Grade,
2nd Grade,
3rd Grade,
4th Grade,
5th Grade,
6th Grade,
7th Grade,
8th Grade
Languages
English,
Spanish
Respondent
Student

Administration Information

Administration
Paper

Access and Use

Price

Base package subscription: $5.50 per student; Premium package subscription: $7.25 per student

Contact

888-882-7257

Open Access
No
Use in Research

Niessen, N. L., Strattman, K., & Scudder, R. (2011). The Influence of Three Emergent Literacy Skills on the Invented Spellings of 4-Year-Olds. Communication Disorders Quarterly, 32(2), 93–102. https://doi.org/10.1177/1525740110363624

Jones, C. J., Lander, R., & Westrum, R. (2015). The Interim Results of a Randomized Control Trial of the SPARK Early Literacy Program/Milwaukee Community Literacy Project. Retrieved from https://eric.ed.gov/?q=%22Phonological+Awareness+Literacy+Screening%22&…

Huang, F. L., & Konold, T. R. (2014). A Latent Variable Investigation of the Phonological Awareness Literacy Screening-Kindergarten Assessment: Construct Identification and Multigroup Comparisons between Spanish-Speaking English-Language Learners (ELLs) and Non-ELL Students. Language Testing, 31(2), 205–221. https://doi.org/10.1177/0265532213496773

Jamaludin, K. A., Alias, N., Mohd Khir, R. J., DeWitt, D., & Kenayathula, H. B. (2016). The Effectiveness of Synthetic Phonics in the Development of Early Reading Skills among Struggling Young ESL Readers. School Effectiveness and School Improvement, 27(3), 455–470. https://doi.org/10.1080/09243453.2015.1069749

Hur, E., Buettner, C. K., & Jeon, L. (2015). The Association between Teachers’ Child-Centered Beliefs and Children’s Academic Achievement: The Indirect Effect of Children’s Behavioral Self-Regulation. Child & Youth Care Forum, 44(2), 309–325. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10566-014-9283-9

Austin, A. M. B., Blevins-Knabe, B., & Lokteff, M. (2013). Early Mathematics and Phonological Awareness in Two Child Care Settings. Early Child Development and Care, 183(9), 1197–1214. https://doi.org/10.1080/03004430.2012.716832

Gattis, M. N., Morrow-Howell, N., McCrary, S., Lee, M., Jonson-Reid, M., McCoy, H., … Invernizzi, M. (2010). Examining the Effects of New York Experience Corps[R] Program on Young Readers. Literacy Research and Instruction, 49(4), 299–314.

Wilcox, M. J., Gray, S. I., Guimond, A. B., & Lafferty, A. E. (2011). Efficacy of the “TELL” Language and Literacy Curriculum for Preschoolers with Developmental Speech and/or Language Impairment. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 26(3), 278–294. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecresq.2010.12.003

Invernizzi, M., Justice, L., Landrum, T. J., & Booker, K. (2005). Early Literacy Screening in Kindergarten: Widespread Implementation in Virginia. Journal of Literacy Research, 36(4), 479–500.

Psychometrics

Scoring
Computer scoring
Referencing
Criterion-referenced
Psychometric References

Invernizzi, M., Sullivan, A., Meier, J., & Swank, L. (2004). PALS PreK Teacher’s Manual. University of Virginia. Retrieved from https://pals.virginia.edu/public/pdfs/rd/tech/PreK_technical_chapter.pdf

Invernizzi, M., Juel, C., Swank, L., & Meier, J. (2015). PALS K Techinical Reference. University of Virginia. Retrieved from https://pals.virginia.edu/public/pdfs/rd/tech/K_Tech_Ref_2015.pdf

Invernizzi, M., Meier, J., & Juel, C. (2015). PALS 1-3 Techinical Reference. University of Virginia. Retrieved from https://pals.virginia.edu/public/pdfs/rd/tech/1-3_Tech_Ref_2015.pdf

Meier, J., & Ford, K. (2014). PALS Espanol Kindergarten Technical Reference. University of Virginia. Retrieved from https://pals.virginia.edu/public/pdfs/rd/tech/Espanol_K_Tech_Ref_2014.p…

Meier, J., & Ford, K. (2014). PALS Espanol Grades 1-3 Technical Reference. University of Virginia. Retrieved from https://pals.virginia.edu/public/pdfs/rd/tech/Espanol_1-3_Tech_Ref_2014…

Invernizzi, M., Meier, J., & Juel, C. (2015). PALS 4-8 Technical Reference. University of Virginia. Retrieved from https://pals.virginia.edu/public/pdfs/rd/tech/4-8_Tech_Ref_2015.pdf

Articles & Resources about PALS. (2018). Retrieved from https://pals.virginia.edu/public/rd-research.html

Early Literacy Screening in Kindergarten: Widespread Implementation in Virginia

Huang, F. L., Ford, K. L., Invernizzi, M., & Fan, X. (2013). Measuring Early Spanish Literacy: Factor Structure and Measurement Invariance of the “Phonological Awareness Literacy Screening for Kindergarteners” in Spanish (“PALS español K”). Retrieved from https://eric.ed.gov/?q=%22Phonological+Awareness+Literacy+Screening%22+…

National Comparison
No