School Social Behavior Scales, 2nd Edition (SSBS-2)

The School Social Behavior Scales (SSBS) are sold by Brookes Publishing and measure social competence and antisocial behavior (with 32 items measuring each). They are filled out by teachers and evaluated by psychologists, and are meant to be accompanied by the Home & Community Social Behavior Scales (HCSBS)--to be completed by a parent or other adult the student knows well--for a complete assessment.

Content

Domains
Self Management,
Self Awareness,
Relationship Management,
Social Awareness
Subdomain

Social competence: Peer relations, Self management/ Compliance, Academic behavior
Antisocial behavior: Hostile/Irritable, Anti-social/Aggressive, Defiant/Disruptive

Grades
Kindergarten,
1st Grade,
2nd Grade,
3rd Grade,
4th Grade,
5th Grade,
6th Grade,
7th Grade,
8th Grade,
9th Grade,
10th Grade,
11th Grade,
12th Grade
Languages
English,
Spanish
Respondent
Teacher

Administration Information

Length
10 Minutes
Qualifications

No qualifications required for purchase; assessment should be interpreted by a trained professional such as a school psychologist

Administration
Paper

Access and Use

Price

Rating form $39.95, 
User's Guide $49.95

Contact

Brookes Publishing Customer Service: Available for assistance Monday-Friday 9:00 a.m. – 5:00 p.m. ET
U.S. and Canada | 1-800-638-3775
International | 1-410-337-9580

Open Access
No
Use in Research

Grossman, D. C., Neckerman, H. J., Koepsell, T. D., Liu, P. Y., Asher, K. N., Beland, K., Frey, K., & Rivara, F. P. (1997). Effectiveness of a violence prevention curriculum among children in elementary school: A randomized controlled trial. JAMA, 277(20), 1605-1611. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.1997.03540440039030

Nur, H. A., Ma’mun, A., & Fitri, M. (2020, February). The Influence of traditional games on social behavior of young millennials. In 4th International Conference on Sport Science, Health, and Physical Education (ICSSHPE 2019) (pp. 251-255). Atlantis Press. https://doi.org/10.2991/ahsr.k.200214.066

Taub, J. (2002). Evaluation of the Second Step violence prevention program at a rural elementary school. School Psychology Review, 31(2), 186-200. https://doi.org/10.1080/02796015.2002.12086150

Yılmaz, A., & Soyer, F. (2018). Effect of physical education and play applications on school social behaviors of mild-level intellectually disabled children. Education Sciences, 8(2), 89. https://doi.org/10.3390/educsci8020089

Zion, E., & Jenvey, V. B. (2006). Temperament and social behaviour at home and school among typically developing children and children with an intellectually disability. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research50(6), 445-456. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2788.2006.00790.x

Psychometrics

Scoring
Manual scoring
Referencing
Norm-referenced
Psychometric References

Alfonso, V. C., Rentz, E., Orlovsky, K., & Ramos, E. (2007). Test review: School social behavior scales. Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 25(1), 82-92. https://doi.org/10.1177/0734282906291793

Crowley, S. L., & Merrell, K. W. (2003). The structure of the School Social Behavior Scales: A confirmatory factor analysis. Assessment for Effective Intervention, 28(2), 41-55. https://doi.org/10.1177/073724770302800205

Emerson, E. N., Crowley, S. L., & Merrell, K. W. (1994). Convergent validity of the school social behavior scales with the Child Behavior Checklist and Teacher's Report Form. Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 12(4), 372-380. https://doi.org/10.1177/073428299401200407

Merrell, K. W., & Caldarella, P. (1999). Social-behavioral assessment of at-risk early adolescent students: Psychometric characteristics and validity of a parent report form of the School Social Behavior Scales. Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 17(1), 36-49. https://doi.org/10.1177/073428299901700104

Merrell, K. W., Sanders, D. E., & Popinga, M. R. (1993). Teacher ratings of student social behavior as a predictor of special education status: Discriminant validity of the School Social Behavior Scales. Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 11(3), 220-231. https://doi.org/10.1177/073428299301100302

National Comparison
Yes
Item Type
Likert