The Social Problem Solving Inventory Revised

The Social Problem-Solving Inventory-Revised (SPSI-R; D’Zurilla et al., 2002) is a 52-item, Likert-type inventory consisting of five major scales that measure the five different dimensions in the D’Zurilla et al. social problem-solving model. These scales are the Positive Problem Orientation (PPO) scale (5 items), the Negative Problem Orientation (NPO) scale (10 items), the Rational Problem Solving (RPS) scale (20 items), the Impulsivity/Carelessness Style (ICS) scale (10 items), and the Avoidance Style (AS)scale (7 items). Using this instrument, “good” social problem-solving ability is indicated by high scores on PPO and RPS and low scores on NPO, ICS, and AS, whereas “poor” social problem-solving ability is indicated by low scores on PPO and RPS and high scores on NPO, ICS, and AS. In addition to the five major scales, the RPS scale is broken down into four subscales (each with five items) that measure the four major problem-solving skills in the D’Zurilla et al. social problem-solving model: (a) the Problem Definition and Formulation (PDF) subscale, (b) the Generation of Alternative Solutions (GAS) subscale,(c) the Decision Making (DM) subscale, and (d) the Solution Implementation and Verification (SIVS) subscale. A 25-item short form of the SPSI-R is also available that measures the five major problem-solving dimensions but does not provide subscales that measure the four specific skills within the rational problem-solving construct.

Content

Topics
Ways of Thinking
Skills
Problem Solving
Subskills
Positive Problem Orientation, Negative Problem Orientation, Reasoning, Handicapping, Failure Avoidance
Grades
9th Grade,
10th Grade,
11th Grade,
12th Grade,
Post secondary
Languages
English

Administration Information

Length
10-20 minutes
Price
$361 (includes manual, 25 long form version, 25 short form version)
Training
Not indicated
Qualifications
Not indicated
Administration
Individual,
Paper
Professional
Professional

Psychometrics

Scoring
Manual scoring
Open Access
No
Used in Peer-Reviewed Research
Yes