Teaching

In collaboration with both internal and external experts , this collection of teaching instruments was compiled with the goal of providing users with a range of tools to assess teaching in school settings. Like many other emerging areas of education research, measurement in teaching is a space with sparsely-available high quality instruments. As a result, our team relied on the established meta-analysis in order to help ensure selected instruments provided valuable results. Additionally, while potential users are browsing our teaching measures, they may notice a range of granularity in the subject matter of this instrument collection; thus connecting back to our goal of providing an expansive collection of fruitful measurement tools.

We encourage users to take some time considering the level of flexibility they have in measuring their intended construct or skill. This deliberation, coupled with an exploration of the context in which these teaching measures are being used, will help potential users work toward a productive research experience.

We would like to thank visiting faculty member Heather Hill, AERO’s Senior Manager of Research and Evaluation Zid Mancenido, and their respective research teams for their invaluable contributions to this collection.

Displaying 1 - 30 of 51
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The Assessing School Settings: Interactions of Students and Teachers observational measure (ASSIST) is a classroom observation instrument that rates social processes occurring in the classroom. The instrument was initially developed to evaluate students' and teachers' behaviors using the Positive Behavior Intervention and Support (PBIS), however, recent updates have primarily focused on teachers. Teachers' behaviors are rated through event‐based tallies and global ratings. The measure has been used to evaluate the effects of school-wide interventions, and the relationship between teacher and student behaviors.

Category: Schooling

Sub-Category: Teaching

Grades: Kindergarten, 1st Grade, 2nd Grade, 3rd Grade, 4th Grade, 5th Grade, 6th Grade, 7th Grade, 8th Grade, 9th Grade, 10th Grade, 11th Grade, 12th Grade

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Assessing Teacher Learning About Science Teaching (ATLAST) teacher assessments designed to measure teacher knowledge in a specific content area. Assessments exist in the following content areas: Flow of Matter and Energy in Living Systems; Force and Motion; and Plate Tectonics. All questions are set in instructional contexts, with some items requiring teachers to analyze student thinking or to choose among instructional responses to student thinking. The measure has been used as a pre- and post-test to assess the effects of professional development programs. There are also corresponding student written assessments.

Category: Schooling

Sub-Category: Teaching

Grades: Kindergarten, 1st Grade, 2nd Grade, 3rd Grade, 4th Grade, 5th Grade, 6th Grade, 7th Grade, 8th Grade

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Designed to assess the mindsets of mathematics teachers at the middle and high school levels in teaching mathematics to African American students. The purpose of the survey is to provide an indication of (a) teachers’ mindsets that may be productive or unproductive in supporting the mathematical learning of African American students; (b) teachers’ awareness of and attribution for success and challenges in African American students’ learning of mathematics; and (c) teachers’ feelings of self-efficacy and/or support in enacting equitable instruction.

Category: Schooling

Sub-Category: Teaching

Grades: 6th Grade, 7th Grade, 8th Grade, 9th Grade, 10th Grade, 11th Grade, 12th Grade

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The Classroom Observation Tool is primarily used as a coaching tool to support the development of high-quality instruction in early childhood classrooms. The tool is used to rate teachers' behavior and instruction during classroom observation visits spread over a full academic year.

Category: Schooling

Sub-Category: Teaching

Grades:

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The Classroom Assessment Scoring System™ (CLASS™) is an observational instrument developed to assess instructional quality in PK-12 classrooms. It is a tool for analyzing the quality of teacher-student interactions in the classroom by capturing multiple dimensions of teaching that are linked to student achievement and development. It produces qualitative ratings of teacher performance on a scale from 1-7 across three broad domains: emotional support, classroom organization, and instructional support.

Category: Schooling

Sub-Category: Teaching

Grades: Pre-Kindergarten, Kindergarten, 1st Grade, 2nd Grade, 3rd Grade, 4th Grade, 5th Grade, 6th Grade, 7th Grade, 8th Grade, 9th Grade, 10th Grade, 11th Grade, 12th Grade

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Student-reported sense of class cohesion, belonging, trust, and feeling heard.

Category: Schooling

Sub-Category: Teaching

Grades: 9th Grade, 10th Grade, 11th Grade, 12th Grade, Post secondary

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COEMET is a classroom observation instrument that evaluates classroom culture and the use of specific math activities. It includes questions about how actively the teacher interacts with the children, how the teacher uses teachable math moments, how math is displayed in the physical environmental of the room, how confident the teacher appeared about math, etc. The specific math activities measured are not connected a specific curriculum.

Category: Schooling

Sub-Category: Teaching

Grades: Pre-Kindergarten, Kindergarten, 1st Grade, 2nd Grade, 3rd Grade

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The Classroom Practices Inventory is a classroom observation measure for early childhood classrooms. It is designed to assess the developmental appropriateness of classroom and curricular practices, teachers actions, children's activites, and teacher-child interactions.

Category: Schooling

Sub-Category: Teaching

Grades: < 3 Years, Pre-Kindergarten, Kindergarten

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Culturally Ambitious Teaching Practices in Mathematics (CATP) measures practices that support the development of a culturally relevant classroom environment.

Category: Schooling

Sub-Category: Teaching

Grades: Kindergarten, 1st Grade, 2nd Grade, 3rd Grade, 4th Grade, 5th Grade, 6th Grade, 7th Grade, 8th Grade, 9th Grade, 10th Grade, 11th Grade, 12th Grade

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The Culturally Responsive Instruction Observation Protocol (CRIOP) is a comprehensive framework and evaluation tool that operationalizes culturally responsive instruction. Indicators of culturally responsive instruction are rated on a scale of 0 (never) to 4 (consistently); and each indicators includes detailed examples of what constitutes responsive and non-responsive practice. The CRIOP is intended for use as a classroom observation guide for coaches, principals, instructional coaches, etc. to support classroom teachers in the development of more culturally responsive instruction.

Category: Schooling

Sub-Category: Teaching

Grades: Kindergarten, 1st Grade, 2nd Grade, 3rd Grade, 4th Grade, 5th Grade, 6th Grade, 7th Grade, 8th Grade, 9th Grade, 10th Grade, 11th Grade, 12th Grade

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Designed to measure culturally responsive teaching self-efficacy of preservice teachers in relation to the experiences they encountered during their teacher education program.

Category: Schooling

Sub-Category: Teaching

Grades:

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The Culturally Responsive Teaching Self-Efficacy Scale (CRTSE) is a survey that assess teachers’ beliefs that engaging in culturally responsive teaching practices will have positive classroom and student outcomes. The scale is based on Bandura's (1977) research on outcome expectancies (a person's estimate that a given behavior will lead to certain outcomes), and Siwatu's (2006) research on Culturally Responsive Teaching Competencies. Survey respondents rate from 0 to 100 the probability that a certain culturally responsive teaching behavior will lead to positive classroom and student outcomes. The scale has primarily been used to support the development of preservice teachers.

Category: Schooling

Sub-Category: Teaching

Grades: Kindergarten, 1st Grade, 2nd Grade, 3rd Grade, 4th Grade, 5th Grade, 6th Grade, 7th Grade, 8th Grade, 9th Grade, 10th Grade, 11th Grade, 12th Grade

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Measures teacher instructional practices associated with culturally responsive teaching, including conveying respect and connectedness, building on students' personal experiences, and encouraging confidence as learners.

Category: Schooling

Sub-Category: Teaching

Grades: Post secondary

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Diagnostic Mathematics Assessments for Elementary School Teachers are written tests that measure mathematics knowledge in four content domains (Whole Number/Computation, Rational Number/Computation, Geometry/Measurement, Probability/Statistics/Algebra) and across four types of knowledge (Memorized Knowledge; Conceptual Understanding; Problem Solving/ Reasoning; and Pedagogical Content Knowledge). Researchers, professional development providers, and course instructors can administer the assessments as pre- and post-tests before and after workshops, institutes, or courses to determine growth in teachers' content knowledge. Multiple parallel versions of each assessment are available.

Category: Schooling

Sub-Category: Teaching

Grades: Kindergarten, 1st Grade, 2nd Grade, 3rd Grade, 4th Grade, 5th Grade

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Diagnostic Mathematics Assessments for Middle School Teachers are written tests that measure mathematics knowledge in four content domains (Number/Computation, Geometry/Measurement, Probability/Statistics, Algebraic Ideas) and across four types of knowledge (Memorized Knowledge; Conceptual Understanding; Problem Solving/ Reasoning; and Pedagogical Content Knowledge). Researchers, professional development providers, and course instructors can administer the assessments as pre- and post-tests before and after workshops, institutes, or courses to determine growth in teachers' content knowledge. Multiple parallel versions of each assessment are available.

Category: Schooling

Sub-Category: Teaching

Grades: 6th Grade, 7th Grade, 8th Grade

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Diagnostic Science Assessments for Middle School Teachers are written tests that measure mathematics knowledge in three content domains (Physical Science; Life Science; Earth/Space Science) and across four types of knowledge (Declarative Knowledge; Scientific Inquiry and Procedures; Schematic Knowledge; Pedagogical Content Knowledge). Researchers, professional development providers, and course instructors can administer the assessments as pre- and post-tests before and after workshops, institutes, or courses to determine growth in teachers' content knowledge. Multiple parallel versions of each assessment are available.

Category: Schooling

Sub-Category: Teaching

Grades: 6th Grade, 7th Grade, 8th Grade

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The Early Childhood Classroom Observation Measure (ECCOM) is a classroom observation instrument that rates the nature and quality of academic instruction and the overall learning environment. The instrument is based on social-constructivist learning theory, such that in high-scoring classrooms teachers are identified as actively guiding and supporting children's learning efforts and the development of their social skills.

Category: Schooling

Sub-Category: Teaching

Grades: Pre-Kindergarten, Kindergarten, 1st Grade

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Using the frameworks of cultural responsiveness and classroom management, the Early Childhood Ecology Scale (ECES) is developed to be an observation and reflective tool to examine teacher candidates' notions of classroom ecology. It includes five sub-domains to measure teacher's interaction with diverse students. These subdomains are sociocognitive, sociocultural , sociolinguisitc, socioemotional, and sociophysical.

Category: Schooling

Sub-Category: Teaching

Grades: Pre-Kindergarten, Kindergarten, 1st Grade, 2nd Grade, 3rd Grade, 4th Grade

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The Early Language & Literacy Classroom Observation Toolkit (ELLCO) is a classroom observation measure that asesses the quality of the classroom environment and teacher practices across five key literacy elements: classroom structure, curriculum, the language environment, books and book reading opportunities, and print and early writing support. The measure is primarily designed for administrators and teachers of preschool and early elementary classrooms to use for professional development and program improvement.

Category: Schooling

Sub-Category: Teaching

Grades: Pre-Kindergarten, Kindergarten, 1st Grade, 2nd Grade, 3rd Grade

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Framework for Teaching is a classroom observation instrument that can be used for measuring and evaluating the instructional quality of all teachers (from pre-service to experienced) across grades K-12. The measure can be flexibly used by classroom teachers for professional learning, school leaders for evaluation, researchers for measurement, and system leaders as a common language for organizing the profession.

Category: Schooling

Sub-Category: Teaching

Grades: Kindergarten, 1st Grade, 2nd Grade, 3rd Grade, 4th Grade, 5th Grade, 6th Grade, 7th Grade, 8th Grade, 9th Grade, 10th Grade, 11th Grade, 12th Grade

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The Frequency of Mathematics Instructional Practices Survey is a 14-item survey of self-reported instructional practices. The survey can be used by teachers, administrators, teacher educators, policymakers and researchers in order to assess the extent to which teachers' practices are social-constructivist or transmission-based.

Category: Schooling

Sub-Category: Teaching

Grades: Kindergarten, 1st Grade, 2nd Grade, 3rd Grade, 4th Grade, 5th Grade, 6th Grade, 7th Grade, 8th Grade, 9th Grade, 10th Grade, 11th Grade, 12th Grade

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The Geometry Assessments for Secondary Teachers (GAST) Classroom Observation Tool classifies the teaching moves and instructional tasks of teachers according to cognitive demand. It is designed for use specifically within math lessons focused on similarity, congruence, surface area, and volume. It can be used by teacher educators and researchers to identify the quality of math instruction within this domain.

Category: Schooling

Sub-Category: Teaching

Grades: 8th Grade, 9th Grade, 10th Grade, 11th Grade, 12th Grade

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The Inquiry Science Instruction Observation Protocol (ISIOP) is a structured classroom observation measure for middle and high school science. The measure is used to identify the nature and extent of inquiry science instruction.

Category: Schooling

Sub-Category: Teaching

Grades: 6th Grade, 7th Grade, 8th Grade, 9th Grade, 10th Grade, 11th Grade, 12th Grade

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The Instructional Quality Assessment (IQA) is a classroom observation instrument that rates the nature and quality of classroom instruction by considering students’ opportunities to engage in cognitively demanding mathematical work and discussions. The IQA uses the following elements to assess instruction: potential of the task, task implementation, rigor of the discussion, teacher’s questions, and accountable talk.

Category: Schooling

Sub-Category: Teaching

Grades: Kindergarten, 1st Grade, 2nd Grade, 3rd Grade, 4th Grade, 5th Grade, 6th Grade, 7th Grade, 8th Grade, 9th Grade, 10th Grade, 11th Grade, 12th Grade

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K-TEEM is a web-based assessment designed to measure early elementary teachers' mathematical knowledge for teaching.

Category: Schooling

Sub-Category: Teaching

Grades: Kindergarten, 1st Grade, 2nd Grade

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Making Sense of Science (Electric Circuits Assessment) is a written test that measures teachers' pedagogical content knowledge regarding electric circuits. Test items are aligned to the National Science Education Standards Benchmarks, the Full Option Science System curriculum, and the Science and Technology Concepts curriculum. Items reflect the format and content of the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) and National Assessment of Education Progress (NAEP) assessments. The measure has been used as a pre- and post-test to assess the effects of professional development programs. There is also a student written assessment with 15 linked items.

Category: Schooling

Sub-Category: Teaching

Grades: 5th Grade

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The Mathematical Knowledge for Teaching (MKT) instrument measures the specialized knowledge of K-8 teachers of mathematics use in teaching. These measures include items that reflect the real mathematics tasks teachers face in classrooms, such as assessing student work, representing numbers and operations, and explaining common mathematical rules or procedures. Assessments composed of these problems can be used to measure the effectiveness of mathematics-focused professional development.

Category: Schooling

Sub-Category: Teaching

Grades: Kindergarten, 1st Grade, 2nd Grade, 3rd Grade, 4th Grade, 5th Grade, 6th Grade, 7th Grade, 8th Grade

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The Mathematical Quality of Instruction (MQI) is a Common Core-aligned observational rubric that provides a framework for analyzing mathematics instruction. Observers rate instruction across five domains: common core-aligned student practices; working with students and mathematics; richness of mathematics; errors and imprecision; and, classroom work is connected to mathematics. Although originally designed for research use, the MQI can be used as a tool to support teachers' professional development.

Category: Schooling

Sub-Category: Teaching

Grades:

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The Mathematics Teaching Efficacy Belief Instrument (MTEBI) is a domain-specific modification of the Science Teaching Efficacy Belief Instrument (STEBI). The MTEBI measures pre-service teacher's beliefs regarding mathematical instruction, students' ability to learn mathematics and teacher's sense of efficacy in teaching mathematics.

Category: Schooling

Sub-Category: Teaching

Grades: Kindergarten, 1st Grade, 2nd Grade, 3rd Grade, 4th Grade, 5th Grade, 6th Grade, 7th Grade, 8th Grade, 9th Grade, 10th Grade, 11th Grade, 12th Grade

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Subscales within the article are: Critical Awareness, Heritage Language Expectations, Cultural Content Integration. The authored reported that honoring students’ heritage language (i.e., Spanish) is the mediating element through which cultural content integration predicts mathematics achievement for Latino children. 

Category: Schooling

Sub-Category: Teaching

Grades: Kindergarten, 1st Grade, 2nd Grade, 3rd Grade, 4th Grade, 5th Grade, 6th Grade, 7th Grade, 8th Grade, 9th Grade, 10th Grade, 11th Grade, 12th Grade

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