Dispositional Hope Scale  assesses a global trait based hope score for individuals above 15 years old. The scale is in 4-point Likert-type scale ranging from Definitely False to Definitely True. There are twelve items in the scale distributed as follows: pathways subscale (4 items), agentic thinking subscale (4 items) and four negative statements called fillers that aren’t related to hope.
According to Snyder’s (1995, 2002) point of view, hope includes three components: (a) goals that have sufficient value to an individual and require a certain amount of effort to achieve, and (b) Pathways thinking, which refers to the reasonable Pathways that are designed by the individual to reach his or her goals. In addition, when there are obstacles blocking one of the Pathways the individual is able to create alternative Pathways to achieve the goals: (c) Agency thinking, a motivational factor related to hope, which refers to the individual’s perception of his or her own ability to utilise Pathways and strategies to achieve goals
Pathways Thinking, Agency Thinking
Access and Use
Sünbül, Z. A., & Çekici, F. (2018). Hope as a Unique Agent of Resilience in Socio-economically Disadvantaged Adolescents. International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE), 7(4), 299–304. doi: 10.11591/ijere.v7i4.15354
Li, Z., Mao, X., He, Z., Zhang, B., &; Yin, X. (2018). Measure invariance of Snyder's Dispositional Hope Scale in American and Chinese college students. Asian Journal of Social Psychology, 21(4), 263-270. doi:10.1111/ajsp.12332
Galiana, L., Oliver, A., Sancho, P., & Tomás, J. M. (2014). Dimensionality and Validation of the Dispositional Hope Scale in a Spanish Sample. Social Indicators Research, 120(1), 297-308. doi:10.1007/s11205-014-0582-1