The Playground Observation of Peer Engagement (POPE) is an observation-based instrument measuring children’s engagement in activities and with peers in naturalistic environments. It focuses on the time children spend in various engagement states and the frequency of their social engagement states and behaviors (games and conversations, parallel play, observing others, and solitary play).
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Dean, M., Harwood, R., & Kasari, C. (2017). The art of camouflage: Gender differences in the social behaviors of girls and boys with autism spectrum disorder. Autism, 21(6), 678-689. https://doi.org/10.1177/1362361316671845
Kretzmann, M., Shih, W., & Kasari, C. (2015). Improving peer engagement of children with autism on the school playground: A randomized controlled trial. Behavior Therapy, 46(1), 20-28. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.beth.2014.03.006
Locke, J., Shih, W., Kretzmann, M., & Kasari, C. (2016). Examining playground engagement between elementary school children with and without autism spectrum disorder. Autism, 20(6), 653-662. https://doi.org/10.1177/1362361315599468
Radley, K. C., McHugh, M. B., Taber, T., Battaglia, A. A., & Ford, W. B. (2017). School-based social skills training for children with autism spectrum disorder. Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 32(4), 256-268. https://doi.org/10.1177/1088357615583470
Kasari, C., Rotheram-Fuller, E., & Locke, J. (2005). The development of the playground observation of peer engagement (POPE) Measure. Los Angeles, CA: University of California Los Angeles. Unpublished manuscript.