Communities that Care Youth Survey (CTCYS)

The Communities that Care Youth Survey (CTCYS) measures drug use, familial relationships, and school climate in 5th - 12th grade students. It is provided free of charge through the Center for Substance Abuse and Prevention. It is utilized in Communities that Care Intervention Programs and the International Youth Development Study (IYDS). 


Relationship Skills,
Responsible Decision Making,
Self Management

Individual, family, School and community risk and protective factors, School safety, Drug Use, Bullying, Gangs

5th Grade,
6th Grade,
7th Grade,
8th Grade,
9th Grade,
10th Grade,
11th Grade

Administration Information

50 minutes



Access and Use


The Center for Substance Abuse Prevention provides all CTC materials free of charge 

Open Access
Use in Research

Brook, J., Rifenbark, G. G., Boulton, A., Little, T. D., & McDonald, T. P. (2015). Risk and protective factors for drug use among youth living in foster care. Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal, 32(2), 155-165.

Feinberg, M. E., Greenberg, M. T., Osgood, D. W., Sartorius, J., & Bontempo, D. (2007). Effects of the Communities That Care model in Pennsylvania on youth risk and problem behaviors. Prevention Science, 8(4), 261-270.

Hawkins, J. D., Oesterle, S., Brown, E. C., Abbott, R. D., & Catalano, R. F. (2014). Youth problem behaviors 8 years after implementing the Communities That Care prevention system: A community-randomized trial. JAMA pediatrics, 168(2), 122-129.

Stokes, M. A., Hemphill, S., McGillivray, J., Evans‐Whipp, T., Satyen, L., & Toumbourou, J. W. (2020). Self‐reported injury in Australian young adults: demographic and lifestyle predictors. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 44(2), 106-110.


Manual scoring
Psychometric References

Arthur, M. W., Hawkins, J. D., Pollard, J. A., Catalano, R. F., & Baglioni Jr, A. J. (2002). Measuring risk and protective factors for use, delinquency, and other adolescent problem behaviors: The Communities That Care Youth Survey. Evaluation Review, 26(6), 575-601.

Baheiraei, A., Soltani, F., Ebadi, A., Cheraghi, M. A., Foroushani, A. R., & Catalano, R. F. (2016). Psychometric properties of the Iranian version of ‘Communities That Care Youth Survey’. Health Promotion International, 31(1), 59-72.

Glaser, R. R., Horn, M. L. V., Arthur, M. W., Hawkins, J. D., & Catalano, R. F. (2005). Measurement properties of the Communities That Care® Youth Survey across demographic groups. Journal of Quantitative Criminology, 21(1), 73-102.

Solomon, S., Minaie, M. G., Toumbourou, J. W., & Catalano, R. F. (2012). How are adolescents faring in the rapidly modernising city of Mumbai? A cross-national comparison of adolescents in Mumbai, India. India Institute for Child and Adolescent Health Research.

Thurow, C. F., Nunes, C., & Schneider, D. R. (2021). Psychometrics and cultural adaptations of the Communities That Care Youth Survey: A systematic review. Journal of Community Psychology, 1-13.

Thurow, C. F., Junior, E. L. P., Westphal, R., de São Tiago, F. M. L., & Schneider, D. R. (2020). Risk and protective factors for drug use: A scoping review on the Communities That Care Youth Survey. International Journal of Advanced Engineering and Research, 7(11), 32-42.

National Comparison
Item Type