The Revised Life Orientation Test is a revised version of Scheier, Carver, and Bridges', Life Orientation Test (1984). The revised version contains 10 items. Only 6 of the items are used to derive an optimism score. Four of the items are filler items and not used in the scoring. Of the 6 optimism-scored items 3 are keyed in a positive direction and 3 are keyed in a negative direction. Items are answered using a 5-point scale, 0 being strongly disagree, and 4 being strongly agree. Researchers have used the LOT-R with many kinds of people, including adults in poverty (Lynch, Kaplan, & Shema, 1997; Heinonen et al., 2006).
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